History of USA: Why USA is a worlds Most Powerful Country?

“In 1492, Christopher Columbus discovered the American continent. The first European to move to America was Juan Passe de Lyon, which reached Florida in 1513”.

The United States is a federal republic in the North American continent. In the case of both population and area, it is the third place in the world. The name of the United States was first suggested by Thomas Pan. It was officially used in the Independence Declaration of 4 July 1776.

Special facts:

 Capital:                                 Washington DC

 Largest city:                          New York City

 Main language:                   English

Government federal:          Democracy

 Internet TLD:                        .US

Telephone code:                 +1

Total area:

9,826,675 sq. Km; Land area: 9,161,966 sq. Km, Aquatic area: 664,709 sq. Km, site boundary line: 12,034 km, sea coast line: 19,924 km.


flag of USA


Flag of USA

Population:

310,232,863 (2010 est.); Population age: 0-14 years 20.2%, 15-64 years 67%, more than 65 years 12.8%, growth rate: 0.97% (2010 est.); Birth rate: 13.83 / 1000, Mortality: 8.38 %, Age expectancy: 78.24 years, male 75.78 years, female 80.81, gender ratio: 1.047 male / female, infant mortality rate: 6.14 / 1000, urbanization: 82 percent of total population.

Major cities:

Atlanta, Austin, Baltimore, Boston, Charlotte, Cincinnati, Cleveland, Columbus, Dallas, Denver, Detroit, Houston, Indianapolis, Jacksonville, Los Angeles, Memphis, New York, Philadelphia, Phoenix, San Diego, San Francisco, San Jose.

Political structure:

The public is elected for six years for a hundred members of the US Senate (upper house). The Senate has two members selected from every state. Four hundred thirty five members of Lower House are elected for two years. The President and the Vice-President are elected by election. Each state has a separate constitution in the United States. Governments of states are in the hands of governors

History:

In 1492, Christopher Columbus discovered the American continent. The first European to move to America was Juan Passe de Lyon, which reached Florida in 1513.

According to archaeologists, the first human penetration in the US was from 50,000 to 11,000 years ago in Asia by the Barkingag Land Bridge. These are called red Indians only.


MAP OF USA


 

Colonial America (1493-1776):

In 1607, the Virginia company of London founded the Jamestown Settlement on the River Thames. After this people started coming from the European countries, which began to clash with the native residents, finally the expatriates forced them to leave this place.

American Independence (1776-1789):

The American citizens were not satisfied with British policies. In 1773, the Boston Tea Party is considered the first step toward American independence. On July 4, 1776, in the Second Continental Congress held in Philadelphia, Great Britain America’s independence was announced

In 1781, the combined forces of the United States and France defeated the British army led by Lord Cornwallis, and with this, Britain abandoned its claim to the United States.

Civil War period (1849-1865 AD):

Meanwhile differences arose between the government, economy, society and slavery between the white communities of North and South America. At that time Abraham Lincoln, the President of the United States, opposed the slavery. Consequently the Southern states declared themselves independent. Civil war broke out in which Northern states under the leadership of Lincoln defeated southern states. President Lincoln was assassinated as a result of this civil war.

Reorganization and the rise of industrial society (1865-1940):

After the civil war ended, the industrialization of America began. Its speed in the northern states was quite sharp. In this period the red-Indian population was rapidly displaced and the number of migrants coming from different European countries increased. This was the time when the acceptance of America was started on the global level as an economic superpower. America actively participated in World War I. At the end of this war, America emerged as a political and military superpower.

World War II (1940-45):

America did not participate in the initial phase of World War II, but when Japan attacked Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941, it had to jump in this war. The United States played an important role in defeating the combined forces of Italy, Germany and Japan, together with the Allies, Britain, the Soviet Union, France etc.

Cold War (1945-1980):

After World War II, Britain was defeated in the form of world power. It was replaced by the US and Soviet Union. Conflicts about the dominance between these two superpowers started. There were several reasons for this, the division of Germany, the Korean War, the Cuban Missile Crisis, during the 1960s and 70s, the United States suffered a huge defeat in the Vietnam War.

Period of Total Dominance (1988-present):

The Soviet Union split in 1991 and the United States became the world’s only super power. During the tenure of President Bill Clinton, America made remarkable economic progress due to the digital revolution.

On September 11, 2001, Islamic terrorists shook the world’s only superpower by attacking the World Trade Center and Pentagon. As a result, In 2003 the American coalition collapsed the Taliban government by attacking Afghanistan to find Osama bin Laden.

Economic:

The United States is a mixed economy country. It has done its job to advance itself by using its natural resources. America is the world’s largest importer of goods and the third largest exporting country.

Gross Domestic Product (Purchasing Power):

$ 14.29 trillion (2009 est.); Gross domestic product (official exchange rate): $ 14.26 trillion; GDP real growth rate: -2.6 ‘(2009 est.); Gross Domestic Product per capita: $ 46,000 (2009);

Communication:

Telephone (Landline) 15 Cr (2008); Mobile Cellular 27 Crores (2008); Radio Broadcast Station AM 4,789, FM 8, 961, Shortwave 19 (2006); Television Broadcast Station 2,218 (2006); Internet companies 7,000 (2004); Internet user 23 million (2009);

Transportation:

Airport 14,951 (2008); Heliport 146 (2007); Railways 226,612 km; Roads 6,465,799 km; Waterway 41,009 km; Merchant Navy, total 422 ships (2009).

Religion:

has many religions in America. During a 2002 research, 59 American citizens had admitted that this is an essential part of their lives. According to the 2007 survey, there were 78.4% Christian’s who were 86.4% in 1990. At present, there are Protestant 51.3 % and Roman Catholic 23.9% in the US. 1.7 % Jews, 0.7% Buddhists, 0.6 %Muslims and 0.4$ Hindus are also there.

Ethnic group:

America is a country of white multicellular people. At present, about 79.8% white, 12.8% Negro, 4.5 % Asian roots, 1.2%  Red Indians and Alaska native, Hawaiians resident and Pacific region citizens and 1.7 % mixed groups belong.

Languages:

​​The main language of America is English. About 82% people speak this language. In the second place are Spanish speakers. Their number is 3.45 million (12 %).

Sport:

Baseball is America’s most popular sport, where it receives the status of national sports. Apart from this, ice hockey, basketball, American football, golf, tennis are also quite popular.

Education:

America is a highly literate country. There are 99 % people literate. There are both private and public high educational institutions. About 80% students in America take education at the public university. The University of Virginia has been included in the World Heritage List.

Administrative units:

Total 50 states and 1 district *; Alabama, Alaska, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, District of Columbia *, Florida, Joujia, Hawaii, Idaho, Irvine, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota , Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia , Wisconsin, Wyoming.

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