Nelson Mandela: A Biography of Nelson Mandela!

“Nelson Mandela was born on 18 July 1918 in Muezzo, Eastern Cape, South Africa, the great Jananayak who opposed the apartheid for centuries in South Africa”.

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Short Biography of Nelson Mandela!


Nelson Mandela A Biography of Nelson Mandela!


Country                                        South Africa
Full Name of Nelson Mandela       Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela
Nick Name of Nelson Mandela      Madiba
Born of Nelson Mandela                  18 July 1918
Death of Nelson Mandela             5 December 2013
Born Place of Nelson Mandela     Muezzo, Eastern Cape, South Africa
Death Place of Nelson Mandela   Johannesburg, Gauteng, South Africa
Father of Nelson Mandela            Nosekeni Fanny
Mother of Nelson Mandela            Gadla Henry Mphakanyiswa
Married                                          Yes
Wife of Nelson Mandela               3 Evelyn Mase(married from 1944 to 1958), Winnie Madikizela-Mandela (m. 1958; div. 1996), Graça Machel (m. 1998)
Son of Nelson Mandela                2 (McGatho Mandela, Medica thambeckel mandela)
Grandchildren’s of Nelson Mandela       3(Maksim Mandela, Zania Mandela, Xinziswa Mandela)

Full Biography of Nelson Mandela:

 Introduction:

Nelson Mandela, a South African national called Mahatma Gandhi, was a great nation hero. He took the reins of the social, cultural and political changes of South Africa into his own hands. In this Century of Monarchy, Colonialism and Democracy, this country has written the history of world history with its own hands. The South African government had made laws to punish human beings by humans on the basis of “skin color” and race, in the history of human civilization.

He was the only government in the world who had made written laws based on caste abstraction and apartheid. Nelson Mandela, drinking a jug of blood, living exile in the form of driver, concierge and attendant, along with cruel torture in prison, also liberated South Africa at the last turn of the twentieth century.

Time magazine’s editor, Richard Stengel, in Nelson Mandela’s ‘Long Walk to Freedom’, has commented something similar to Mandela:

Once and Madiba (the people of South Africa used to say Mandela to Madiba by love) Madiba was meant in local jungle – father was going to the temple. It was a six-seat airplane. Madiba sat in the ship and started reading the newspaper. They were very impatient to read the newspaper. They used to read even the smallest news. The ship was flying up. Only then did they see that the propeller on the ship’s fan stopped working.

Madiba told me that I should give this information to the pilot. At that point his voice was modest as usual. I was very scared. The propeller closure meant that the ship could crash. I ran and ran towards the cabin to tell the pilot.

When he came back, Madiba was reading the newspaper. They asked me if I asked that the pilot was going to know and he was trying to contact the nearest airport for the emergency landing. Madiba began to read the newspaper again after listening to this.

Fear of death could have been read clearly on my face. At the same time, Madiba was uninformed, as if nothing had happened, newspapers were being read. The vessel was swept away. After landing, I courageously asked Madiba, ‘Did he not fear?’ Madiba’s answer was, ‘Fear! I was trembling inside, Richard. But if you did, then you, the pilot, and everyone else would panic. ‘Richard says ahead, ‘then I came to understand what is the courage.’ It is hard to let your fear not come to the face. If people consider you ideal then your conduct is seen. Madiba always remembered this thing.

It is very humiliating that this quality in Mandela is innate and it is quite possible that he learned from his Guru Mahatma Gandhi. Gandhi also had the courage of the ghazak. Remember that the scene of Richard Attenborough’s film ‘Gandhi’, where he is going on talking to a journalist in South Africa, and a white boy standing next to a street to stop them. The blonde journalists urge Gandhi to change the path.

Gandhi rejects insistence and moves forward. The journalist is scared, but while expressing his full confidence and courage, Gandhi gets eyes in the eyes of those boys. There is no violence in Gandhi’s eyes, it is just a matter of urgency that brother who is true, follow him. This is Satyagraha.

This same solicitation was also in Mandela’s life when he took the initiative to end apartheid in South Africa. ‘The Struggle Is My Life’ is a compilation of his writings and speeches. In an article printed in this title here, he says, “No power in the world can erase the movement of oppressed people in which they have resolved to overthrow anti-people power.” In this article he further says that when a government gives its full strength to suppress the peaceful movement of the unarmed people, then it should be assumed that the government has come to understand the strength of that movement.

However, it is also true that Mandela also called for a violent revolution along with his peaceful movement. In 1961, he formed the armed branch of the African National Congress ‘Umkhonto Ve Sijve’ and was its commander in chief. Mandela was also associated with the philosophy of communism to some extent and the Cuban movement also influenced them, but the most powerful motivation for them was the philosophy left from Gandhian.

KK Virmani, professor of Delhi University’s Department of South Africa, writes in her book “Nelson Mandela and apartheid in South Africa,” Mandela had taken military training in the African country of Algeria and he felt proud of it too. But it was also believed that it will take years for the workers of the African National Party to fully take up arms against the apartheid government. In 1962, due to the same conflict, Nelson Mandela was sentenced to life imprisonment. He stayed in jail almost 27 years and was released in February 1990.

Early life of Nelson Mandela:

Nelson Mandela was born on 18 July 1918 in Muezzo, Eastern Cape, South Africa, the great Jananayak who opposed the apartheid for centuries in South Africa. His father, Gedla Henri Mfakeniswa, was a tribal leader of Miezo town. Mandela was born from Henry’s third wife Necuzzi Noskney’s womb. Nelson Mandela was the third of Henry’s 13th child.  Sardar’s son in the local language was called Mandela.

Whereby he got his surname Mandela’s father used to call him ‘Rollihala’, which means ‘rowdy’. His mother was a Methodist. Mandela completed his elementary education Clarkberi missionary school. After schooling, he has taken admission to the Methodist Missionary School. Where there was a special college for blacks. In this college, Mandela met Oliver Tambo, who was his friend and associate throughout his life. By the year 1940 Mandela had gained popularity with his political views and activities in the college campus, due to which he was fired from the college. After being expelled from the college, he fled to Johannesburg, where he worked as a janitor in the gold mine and there lived in a settlement called Alexandra. When Mandela was 12 year his father died. After this, all the responsibilities of the household came upon him. He raised his family by doing a clerk job in the law firm.

Political life of Nelson Mandela:

Seeing the current state of affairs, Nelson Mandela moved to Johannesburg in 1941. Where they met Walter Sisulu and Walter Albertine, influenced by his influence, he stepped into politics to overcome discrimination on the basis of color in the country. During the war of patriotism, he gradually became active in politics. In 1944, the African National Congress was involved in the movement against apartheid. This year, he established an African National Congress Youth League. Later, the secretary of the same league was elected. In 1961 Mandela and some of his friends were prosecuted for treason, but they were treated as innocent.

After being arrested on August 5, 1962, he was sentenced to life imprisonment in the much talked “rivonia” case in 1964. The jail sentence for twenty-seven-thirty-seven years could not even capture their lofty intentions and dedication, but their self-confidence also melted iron bars. As Mandela’s age grew old, his intentions and independence movement of South Africa became youthful within the prison guitar.

Murder was released on February 11, 1990, after spending 27 years of his life in prison. After the release, in 1990, after the agreement with the White Government, they created new South Africa. They became the symbol of resistance to apartheid in South Africa and the whole world. The United Nations decided to celebrate his birthday as Nelson Mandela International Day. In the same year, India honored him with the highest honor of Bharat Ratna. Mandela is the first foreigner to get Bharat Ratna. On May 10, 1994, Mandela became the first black president of his country. In November 2009, the UN General Assembly declared their birthday (July 18) as “Mandela Day” in recognition of their contributions to the anti-apartheid conflict.

Married Life of Nelson Mandela:

After joining the African National Congress in 1944, he married his friend and associate Walter Sisulu’s sister, Avilas Messe. Nelson Mandela had three weddings. After divorcing his first wife in 1958, he married Nomajamamo Vinnie Medicijala in 1961. Who had played an important role in relieving Mandela from being imprisoned in the charges of sedition? In 1998, on his 80th birthday, he married Grace Mcleal. Mandela received 6 concerts from the three wives. He had 17 grandchildren in his family.

Nation Mother Winnie:

Winifred Madicizela was the divorced wife of South Africa’s first black President Nelson Mandela. The picture of Winnie was very popular with Nelson Mandela when he was thrown out of jail after 27 years in Nelson Mandela’s hands. This picture was seen as a symbol of nearly three decades of apartheid struggle. Winnie Mandela was born in 1936 in Eastern Cape. Winnie and Nelson Mandela were married in 1958. The traditional marriage life of both of them proved to be quite small. After the marriage, Mandela became underground and then sent to jail after being caught.

Winnie Mandela became a symbol for Nelson Mandela in the past and later on his own against racism. They started to be called the nation’s mother. Later his image became political and legally blurred. When Nelson Mandela became president, he gave his wife Winnie a place in the cabinet but soon questions were raised about Winnie Mandela about the use of the party’s money and divorced in the year 1996.

Death of Nelson Mandela:

The death of Nelson Mandela, the first black President of Africa, happened on December 5, 2013 at his home in Houghton, Johannesburg, due to a lung infection. His death was announced first by President Jack Zuma.

Awards and honors of Nelson Mandela:

Mandela was a ” First Democracy Founder”, “national liberator and savior”. Like the Mahatma Gandhi, the people of South Africa gave them the status of “Father of the Nation”. Mandela’s statue was established at Sandton Square Shopping Center, located in Johannesburg in 2004, after which the name of the center was changed to Nelson Mandela Square. In South Africa, he was often called Madiba, which is an honorable word for the elderly. For 67 years, Mandela was asked to help others in 67 hours out of 24 hours of the day, in connection with Mandela’s association with apartheid movement.

In 1993, along with former South African President Frederick Willem de Clarke, he was also jointly awarded the Nobel Peace Prize. Mandela was also honored by various countries and institutions of the world, like Bharat Ratna in 1990, the Gandhi Peace Prize, Mark-e-Pakistan, Order of Lenin, Presidential Medal of Freedom, etc. on July 23, 2008.

Thoughts of Nelson Mandela:

  • If you talk to a man in a language that he understands, then he goes to his mind. Same if you talk in his own language him Utrtin in his heart.
  • Especially when you celebrate victory when nice things, then you others should lead from behind with forward and whenever danger you should come in the next line. Then people will appreciate your leadership.
  • Even if you have a disease and you get not sit depressed kind of silly. Make the most of life and is engaged to a disease to challenge him.

 

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