Swami Vivekananda: A Biography of Swami Vivekananda!

Swami Vivekananda was born on 12 January 1863 in Kolkata, his name was kept as Narendranath in childhood.

If you want to know a quick answer of these questions, like who is Swami Vivekananda? About Swami Vivekananda, Biography of Swami Vivekananda, history of Swami Vivekananda, So please read our quick and short description about Swami Vivekananda in below:

Short Biography of Swami Vivekananda!

Swami Vivekananda A Biography of Swami Vivekananda!

Country                                        India
Full Name of Swami Vivekananda Narendra Nath Vishwanath Dutt
Nick Name of Swami Vivekananda Narendra and Naren, Swami Vivekananda
Born of Swami Vivekananda 12 January 1863
Death of Swami Vivekananda 4 July 1902
Born Place of Swami Vivekananda Calcutta (Bengal)
Death Place of Swami Vivekananda Belur, West Bengal, India
Father of Swami Vivekananda Vishwanath Dutt
Mother of Swami Vivekananda Bhubaneswarwari Devi
Brothers of Swami Vivekananda 4(Bhupendranath Datta, Mahendranath Datta, Mahendranath Datta)
Sisters of Swami Vivekananda 6(Swarnamayi Dev)
Married                                           Not Married


Full Biography of Swami Vivekananda:


Our country India has been the birthplace and work place of great people for centuries. In this sacred realm of the earth, there were many wise men who, in their contemplation and philosophy, glorified not only India but also the world, one of such great personalities was Swami Vivekananda.

Swami Vivekananda was a living idol of Indian philosophy, culture, religion, thought and country love. Strongly supporting global brotherhood, he introduced the world to the basic foundation of Indian culture and philosophy of spirituality and human values.

The example of Swami Vivekananda’s philosophy and contemplation, which has strong co-ordination in spirituality, religion, energy, society, culture, country love and world brotherhood, is not found in possibly a person’s personality.

Swami Vivekananda, who had scattered abroad in the form of the essence of Indian culture as a young sannyasin, was the art of philosophy and history. Swami Vivekananda has shown a new path to the younger world by composing texts such as ‘Yoga’, ‘Raja Yoga’ and ‘Gyan Yog’, whose effect will shine on the public for ages and ages. Their memorial built in Kanyakumari today, Swami Vivekananda – Swami Vivekananda tells the story of greatness.

The thoughts of Swami Vivekananda, who had a bright talent, were quite influenced by the idea that if one applies in his life, then success can definitely be achieved – this is not the same, Vivekananda encouraged people with ideas from his spirituality, from which one thought Type is-

“Get up and wake up until you get the goal”

 History of Swami Vivekananda:

 Swami Vivekananda was born on 12 January 1863 in Kolkata, his name was kept as Narendranath in childhood. His father’s name was Vishwanath Dutt and mother’s name was Bhuvaneshwari Devi. Vishwanath Dutt was a successful and well known lawyer of the Calcutta High Court of his time, he was also a knowledgeer of English and Persian.

Mother Bhuvaneshwari Devi was a wise and wise woman, she was proficient in religious texts like Mahabharata and Ramayana. He was also the best known of English. In such a situation, it was natural that Narendra got an early knowledge of Western English language in his home and he got an opportunity to understand Hindu religion and culture from his mother.

There was such a profound effect on the child that he used to be engrossed in meditation at home. It is said that one day he became so engrossed in meditation in the house that when the people broke the door of the room and shook them sharply, then they got distracted by going to some place. Going forward, this child has become the bearer of meditation, spiritualism, nationalism, Hindu religion and culture all over the world and famous for the name of Swami Vivekananda.

Education of Swami Vivekananda:

Narendra Nath was took admission to the Metropolitan Institute of Ishwar Chand Vidyasagar in 1871. In 1877, when child Narendra was in third class when his studies were interrupted, in fact his family had to go to Raipur suddenly for some reason.

In 1879, after his family returned to Calcutta, he became the first student to get the first division in the entrance examination of the presidency college. There were curious readers of various topics such as philosophy, religion, history, social science, art and literature. He also had a keen interest in Hindu scriptures like Vedas, Upanishads, Bhagvat Gita, Ramayana, Mahabharata and Puranas. Narendra was an expert in Indian traditional music, and always participated in physical yoga, sports and all activities.

In 1881, he passed the Fine Arts Examination in 1884, he completed his graduation degree from art. After this, he passed his BA examination in 1884 with good merit and then he studied law. The time of 1884, which was very tragic for Swami Vivekananda, because at this time he lost his father. After the death of his father, the responsibility of his 9 brothers and sisters came upon him, but he did not panic, and Vivekanand, who remained firm in his determination always did this responsibility well.

In 1889, Narendra’s family returned to Kolkata. Since childhood Vivekananda was an intelligent intellect, due to which he once again got admission in school. Due to visionary understanding and rigor, he completed the course of 3 years in a year. Swami Vivekananda was very interested in subjects like philosophy, religion, history and social science. The Vedas Upanishad, Ramayana, Geeta and Hindu scriptures used to read with great enthusiasm, that is why they were the complete knower of scriptures and scriptures. Swami Vivekananda studied European history at the General Assembly Institution.

Swami Vivekananda also had a good understanding of Bengali language. He translated Spencer’s book education into Bengali, let him know that he was quite influenced by Herbert Spencer’s book. When he was practicing Western philosophy scientists, he also read Sanskrit texts and Bengali literature. The discussions of Swami Vivekananda’s talent were from his childhood. Since his childhood he has received praise from his guru so he has also been called Shrutidhar.

Ramakrishna Paramahamsa and Swami Vivekananda:

Student was influenced by the ideas of Narendra John Stuart, Herbert Spencer and Hume in life. His study brought about a considerable change in young Narendra’s ideas. During this time, he leaned towards Brahma Samaj, due to his strong desire to know the truth, he came in contact with Maharishi Devendra Nath Thakur, leader of Brahmo Samaj.

One day, the young Narendra asked Devendra Nath Thakur, ‘Have you seen God?’ He was amazed by this question of Narendra. In order to calm the curiosity of Yuva Narendra, he advised Narendra to go to Ramkrishna Paramahansa, Ramakrishna Paramahamsa was then a priest at Kali Mandir of Dakshineswar in Kolkata. Although Narendra had heard about Ramkrishna Paramhans from his college Principal William Hasty, his meditation at that time was not attracted to Ramkrishna Paramhans, now when he heard mention of Devendra Nath Thakur, he decided to meet Paramhans. And reached them.

He also asked Paramahansa the same question whether he has seen God. Responding to Young Narendra’s question, Ramkrishna Paramahansa said, ‘Yes have seen and talked, just like I am seeing you and talking to you’. Young Narendra was impressed with the ideas of Ramkrishna Paramhans, he now started to visit the Dakshineswar temple and went on to strengthen his relationship with Ramkrishna Paramhans.

In 1885, Ramkrishna Paramhans suffered from cancer, after which Vivekananda ji also served a lot of his Guru. In this way the relationship between the teacher and the disciple became stronger. On August 16, 1886 Swami Paramhans passed away.

Establishment of Ramakrishna Monastery:

After that, Narendra established the Ramakrishna Union in Barahnagar. However, later it was named Ramakrishna Monastery. A few days after the establishment of the Ramakrishna Sangh, Yuva Narendr took a vow of Brahmacharya and sacrifice by worshiping Viraja Home and he became Swami Vivekananda from Narendra. By the year 1888, he stayed at Warahnagar and after that he left for a tour of India.

Swami Vivekananda’s visit to India:

In the age of 25, Narendra Dutta wore garaya cloth. After that he traveled all over India on foot. During his hiking, many places including Ayodhya, Varanasi, Agra, Vrindavan, Alwar reached.

During this visit, they also stayed in the palaces of kings and stayed in the hut of poor people. During walking, they got information about different areas and their related people. During this, they also came to know of the caste discrimination like caste discrimination, which they also tried to erase.

In 1890, Swamiji returned to Warahnagar. In February 1891, Swamiji became one-on-one and traveled as a Parivrajak for two years. During this visit, he came in contact with Rajput Rajshahi of Rajasthan, Maharaja of Alwar and Khetadi initiated him. After traveling to Rajasthan, he left for Mumbai on a tour of South India.

Vivekananda reached Kanyakumari on December 23, 1892, where he remained in a serious grave for 3 days. Returning from here, he meets his Gurubhai Swami Brahmand and Swami Thrumyanand at Abu Road in Rajasthan.

In this meeting, he explained his pain and said, ‘I have traveled all over India. I am very sorry to see the poverty of the country and the miseries of people, now I am going to America for their liberation ‘. It is well-known that after the visit of Swami Ji to this America, there was a radical change in the thinking and thinking of India around the world.

Chicago Speech of Swami Vivekananda:

Swami Vivekananda gave a very prominent speech on September 11, 1893 at the World Religions Conference in Chicago (America). Whenever Vivekananda arrives, it is definitely a discussion of this speech.

Swami Vivekananda left for Mumbai from Mumbai on 31 May 1893 to join the World Parliament of Religions. He traveled to Chicago at the end of July in Sri Lanka, Panama, Singapore, Hong Kong, Canton, Nagasaki, Osaka, Kyoto, Tokyo, and Yokohama while traveling on the tough sea route.

They came to know that in the first week of September, the Dharma Parishad will begin, but Swamiji was upset by knowing that only representatives of well-known organizations will get the chance to speak. To deal with this problem, he first contacted a friend of Madras, but he was disappointed, then he contacted Harvard University professor John Henry Wright. Professor Wright invited Swamiji to deliver a speech at Harvard.

Professor Wright was so impressed by Swami ji’s Harvard speech that he asked Swamiji that it is as if asking the person to introduce you as if the sun should be asked which authority he is shining in the sky.

After this, Prof Wright wrote to the President of the Parliament of Religions that please allow this great person to join the Parliament of Dharma as a representative of India, not from any organization.

The Parliament of Religions began in Chicago on 1 September 1893. When Swami Vivekananda’s turn came to address the religion of the Parliament, he got a little nervous and the drops of sweat shone on his forehead. The people present there felt that this young sannyasi who came from India would not be able to say anything, while restraining himself, Swamiji meditated on his guru and after this he left his mouth and kept listening to the Dharma Parishad.

Speaking before Swamiji in this speech – my brothers and sisters of America | This sweet voice of Swami ji’s love remained amazed and for nearly two minutes, the auditorium was resonating with the thundering of applause, Swamiji gave a spiritual and energetic speech with full of knowledge. Therefore this speech has been written in golden letters (Speech) in the history.

In the speech given by Swami Vivekananda in the World Parliament of Religions, in Chicago, where there was knowledge of Vedic philosophy, there was also the message of living in peace in the world, in his speech, Swami ji struck hard on fanaticism and communalism. After the end of the Parliament of Religions, Swami Vivekananda continued to spread the teachings of Vedanta in America and Britain for the next three years. Swamiji reached Sri Lanka from the US on January 15, 1897, where he received a lot of enthusiasm.

After that he reached Rameshwaram and left for Kolkata towards the railway route, all the way people kept gathering in large numbers to see and hear them. So far, Swami Vivekananda had become a model for the youth of the country. In the year 1898 Swamiji established the Belur Monastery and provided a new dimension to Indian life philosophy.

Establishment of Ramakrishna Mission:

Swami Vivekananda returned to Calcutta on 1 May 1897, and he set up the Ramakrishna Mission, whose main purpose was to move in the field of hospital, school, college and cleanliness to build a new India. Swami Vivekananda, the author of literature, philosophy and history, convinced every one of his talent and now he became a model for the youth.

Swami Vivekananda’s Second Foreign Journey:

Swami Vivekananda went to America on 20th June 1899 on his second foreign trip. In this journey, he founded the Peace Ashram in California and the Vedanta Society in San Francisco and New York.

In July 1900 Swamiji went to Paris where he joined the Congress of the History Revelations. About 3 months in Paris, during this time his disciple was sister-in-law Nivedita and Swani Tariyanand. After this he returned to India in late 1900s. After this his journey continued. In 1901, he made a pilgrimage to Bodhgaya and Varanasi. During this time his health continued to worsen. Diseases like asthma and diabetes were surrounded by them.

Death of Swami Vivekananda:

Swami Vivekananda died on July 4, 1902, at just 39 years of age. While accepting his disciples, they took Maha-Samadhi. He proved his prediction that he would not live more than 40 years. At the same time, the last rites of this noble man was done on the banks of river Ganga.


Thoughts of Swami Vivekananda:

During his brief lifetime, Swami Vivekananda’s confidence in the youth of India will be remembered by many generations of generations and will continue to be guided.

  • Swami Vivekananda believed that every person should have an idea or resolution in his life and should give his entire life for the same resolution, then you will get success.
  • The way streams originated from different sources merge their water into the ocean, in the same way, every path chosen by humans goes to either good or bad God.
  • Do not condemn anyone: If you can increase your hand for help, then definitely increase. If you cannot raise your hand, then add your hands, bless your brothers, and let them go their way.
  • Never think that something is impossible for the soul. Thinking is the greatest religion. If there is a sin, then that is what it is; Saying that you are weak or other weak.

Swami Vivekananda Jayanti:

Swami Vivekananda’s birth date is celebrated on January 12 as National Youth Day. Vivekanand was such a great man who had a profound influence on everyone.

List of Books Written by Swami Vivekananda:

  • Gyan Yog
  • Raj Yog
  • Meditation and its methods
  • Bhagtiyog
  • Shaktidayi Vichar
  • My Idea of Education
  • Premyog
  • Naya Bharat Gado



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