Who is Veer Savarkar? Veer Savarkar Biography, Height, Weight and More

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Short Biography of Veer Savarkar:


Bio of Veer Savarkar/Short Wiki:


Real Name                           : Vinayak Damodar Saverkar
Profession                            : politician, lawyer, writer, social activist
Nick name                            : Veer Savarkar


Family of Veer Savarkar:


Father of Veer Savarkar            : Damodar Saverkar
Mother of Veer Savarkar          : Yashoda Savarkar
Wife of Veer Savarkar               : Yamunabai (m. 1901-1963)
Children’s of Veer Savarkar      : Prabhakar Savarkar (Son), Vishwas Savarkar (Son), Ramchandra Triambak Chiplunkar (Daugther).

Brother’s of Veer Savarkar        : Ganesh Damodar Savarkar, Narayan Damodar Savarkar,
Sister’s of Veer Savarkar            : Maina Damodar Savarkar


Relationalship:


Marital Status                          : Married


Personal Life:


Country                                    : Indian
Nationality                               : Indian
D.O.B                                        : 28 May 1883,
Died                                          : 26 February 1966, Mumbai
Birth Place                               : Bhagur
Hometown                               : Chicago
Education qualification         : City Law School (1909), Fergusson College (1902-1905), Wilson College, Mumbai, Mumbai University (MU)
Religion                                     : Hindu

Favorite Sports                         : –
Smoking Habit                          : –
Drinking Habit                          : –


Physical State & Body:


Height (approx)                : –
Weight                                 : –
Chest Size                           : –
Color of Eye                       : –
Hair Color                          : –


Career:


In the meantime, Vinayak Damodar Savarkar, along with his friends, made a young party “Mitre Mela” In which he used to stir the spirit of revolutionary and patriotism in this group. In this way, from childhood, they developed a sense of leadership.


Full Biography of Veer Savarkar:

Veer Savarkar


Biography of Veer Savarkar:


Introduction:


Veer Savarkar was a great historical revolutionary in the struggle for India’s independence. He was a great speaker, scholar, prolific writer, historian, poet, philosopher and social worker. He wanted to destroy the tradition of casteism from Hindu culture. For Savarkar, Hindutva mean,” To build a Hindu-majority country”. His political elements include utilityism, realism and truth. They wanted only Hinduism in India. Later in other words,some historians have told Savarkar about political elements. He believed that India is a Hindu-dominated country, and every person in the country may live differently. But in the world, India should be recognized as a Hindu nation. For this, he made a lot of efforts in his life. Vinayak Damodar Savarkar has been a controversial figure of Indian freedom struggle. Where many people consider him as great revolutionary and patriot, there is no shortage of people who consider them communal and see with the assassination of Mahatma Gandhi.


Personal life:


Real Name of Veer Savarkar’s was Vinayak Damodar Savarkar. Veer Savarkar was born on 28 May 1883 in Bhagpur village near Nashik. His elder brother Ganesh (Babarao) was a major source of his life’s reputation. Veer Savarkar had two brothers. One of them was named Ganesh Savarkar and other was Narayan Savarkar. When he was only nine years old, his mother died due to cholera epidemic. And about seven years later, in 1899; due to the plague epidemic, his father also died. Ganesh Savarkar after the father’s death, took over the charge of running the family.


Education & Married life:


Veer Savarkar was quick to write and read from his childhood, Thereby Despite of financial constraints His brother send him school to study. In 1901, Veer Savarkar passed matriculation examination from Shivaji High School Nashik. Veer Savarkar, who had a passion for writing since childhood, started writing poetry during his studies.

In 1901, Veer Savarkar was married to Yamuna Bai. He had two sons and a daughter. The name of the son was Prabhakar and Vishwas, while the daughter’s name was Prabha Chiplunkar. Yamuna Bai’s father gave a great financial support to Veer Savarkar and also spend the cost for his higher education. He received a Bachelor of Arts degree from Fergusson College. In 1909, Veer Savarkar went to London to achieve a degree of LAW.


Childhood Event:


When Veer Savarkar was 12 years old, he along with his friends, tried to break the mosque located in his village during the Hindu-Muslim riots. This incident reflects his fanatic thinking and hostility toward Muslims somewhere. But some historians consider it to be the cause of the misfort created by Muslim boys.


Mitre Mela:


After the death of his parents, his eldest brother Ganesh took charge of the family. , Ganesh took great care of Vinayak from his childhood. In the meantime, Vinayak Damodar Savarkar, along with his friends, made a young party “Mitre Mela” In which he used to stir the spirit of revolutionary and patriotism in this group. In this way, from childhood, they developed a sense of leadership.


Abhinav Bharat Organization:


At his young age, he was inspired by the new generation leaders of Bal Gangadhar Tilak, Bipin Chandra Pal and Lala Lajpat Rai. At that time “Lal-Baal-Pal” was engaged in the beginning of the Swadeshi movement to revolt against the British. In 1905, when Swadeshi movement started, Vinayak Savarkar was lit by Holly of foreign food and clothing.  Vinayak Damodar built a political party “Abhinav Bharat” together with his fellow students. Vinayak was expelled from the college due to these rebel activities. But he was allowed to give the B.A exam.

After receiving the degree of BA, Nationalist activist Shyamji Krishna Verma helped him to go to England for law studies. Now Vinayak went to England for further studies. Lal-Pal-Bal was separated from the Congress and built a “garam dal”. Garam dal leaders believed that “Freedom cannot be obtained by being softness with the British and there is a need for violent rebellion”. Tilak was sent to jail for his revolutionary activities.


Revolutionary activities of Veer Savarkar:


Vinayak started living in “India House” after joining the Gray’s Inn law college. At that time “India House” was the center of political activity, which was running by Pandit Shyamji. Savarkar created the “Free India Society”, by which he inspired his fellow Indian students to fight for independence. Savarkar read books based on the Revolution of 1857 and wrote a book, “The History of the War of Indian Independence”. He made a thorough study of the Revolution of 1857 that “how the British can be eradicated from the root.”

Savarkar’s book was banned in the British Empire, but an Indian revolutionary lady Madam Cama published this book in “Netherlands, France and Germany”. From there, this book has reached to many Indians and become very popular. Savarkar was now studying the revolutionary methods, that how to construct a bomb and he secretly kept pistols in the books and sent it to India. Savarkar taught his art of making bombs and fighting with guerrilla methods and told to spread it. In 1909, friend and follower of Savarkar Madan Lal Dhingera killed British officer Karjan at public meeting. This work of Dhingra increased the revolutionary activity in India and Britain.

Savarkar wrote articles about Dhingra in which he also gave political and legal support to Dhingra. A meeting of Indians was convened in which Savarkar spoke in favor of Dhingra, which caused a lot of debate. Now the British Government sent a secret and restricted trial to death of Dhingra, So that Indian students living in London got flared up.  Savarkar protested against giving wrong decisions by British officers. Savarkar, calling Dhingra as a patriot, had revolutionized the revolutionary uprising.

On the other hand, his brother Ganesh Savarkar was revolting against the morley-minto reform passed in 1909. Vinayak Savarkar was implicated in the British government for involving in the plan of murder and sending pistols to India. Savarkar was arrested. He was now considered to be taken to India for further prosecution. When Savarkar came to know about the news of going to India, savarkar wrote letter to her friend and share a plan to run from the ship when ship will reached at France port. He asked his friend to take care of the ships going to India so that he could go to India as soon as he got out.

On July 8 1910, the ship going to India,on the French harbor had stopped and Savarkar excused the urine and went to the washroom. There was a bright window in the washroom which can be pulled out. Savarkar locked washroom from inside and left from the window and floated in the sea water and reached the edge. He was waiting for his friend who was coming to take him in the car but his friend was delayed and there was alarm in the ship.

Now Savarkar was arrested again. With the arrest of Savarkar, the French government opposed the British government that if he did not catch Savarkar on time, then the British government could never catch Savarkar. These cases went a long way due to disputes and in 1911 it resulted. Due to a dispute with the British government, the French government decided to transfer Savarkar to the Indian Army.


Veer Savarkar gets punishment for KalaPani:


Now on the decision of the French Government, Savarkar was brought to Bombay and he was kept in the central jail of Pune. After the completion of the investigation, Assassination plot to kill the British officer on Savarkar and in the two lawsuits of sending Revolution books in India, he was arrested for total 50 years 25 year each and He was sent to the infamous Seleuller jail of Andaman-Nicobar on 4th July, 1911. At that time, Seleuller Jail was called “Indian black water punishment”, because it was impossible to get away from the jail. The prison was surrounded by the sea from all four sides and if someone went out then he could not reach India in any condition.

Now Savarkar was tortured with other revolutionaries in the same jail. Savarkar’s elder brother Ganesh Savarkar was in that jail too, but the rules of that jail were so cruel that he could not get his brother for two years. When Savarkar met his brother, he met Savarkar with some relief so that he could fight in this harsh environment. In that jail, the Prisoners were woke up at five o’clock every morning, after that they had to cut trees, rip the wood, and bring out oil like crusher bulls. There was also a ban on talking to each other and the culprit was given harsh torture.

The prisoners had to constantly bear the mischief and torture. Contacting with outside world and home was prohibited and were only allowed to send letters once a year. In these days Savarkar molded himself in the ecology and continued his daily work. Now in that jail, he sought permission to run a rudimentary jail library which was permitted. Savarkar was also writing to teach some of his guilty companions because he had made good contacts with jail officials.

While imprisoned in 1911, he wrote several mercy petitions until he was released from prison. He wrote many mercy petitions from 1911, 1913, 1914, 1917, 1918, 1920, but every time his mercy petition was dismissed. In 1920; the Congress and other leaders after sayings of Mahatma Gandhi, Vallabhbhai Patel and Bal Gangadhar Tilak released him unconditionally. Veer Savarkar again signed the statement of not breaking the British law and refusing to revolt.


William Hurt Curzon Violy and Jackson Murder:


Madan Lal Dhingra, one of Savarkar’s followers and one of the best friends, shot William Hurt Curzon’s violin on July 1, 1909. On that day Curzon and his wife came to a ceremony organized by the “Indian National Association” at the Imperial Institute and when he was leaving the hall,At the same time, Dhingra shot down the bullets on him. In order to save William Hurt Curzon’s violin by mistake, a Parsi doctor who was in the middle of the shoot also got shot and died.

Madan Lal Dhingra was hanged on 13 March 1910 for the murder of William Hurt Curzon Violy. Savarkar opposed this and raised a voice against an Indian contingent that violated Dhingra. After this incident, Savarkar had climbed to the eyes of British officers, so he immediately went to Paris where his companions Hardayal and Krishna verma, who were already persecuted by the British, were taken as refuge.

When Savarkar was in Paris, Anant Kanhare, an Abhinav Bharat member, killed a British official named Jackson. The British treated Savarkar as the culprit behind these killings and when he arrived in Britain. On May 13, 1910, he was arrested.


Mahatma Gandhi’s assassination:


After the assassination of Gandhiji on January 30, 1948, the police had arrested them along with Nathuram Godse. Because Godse was also an activist of the Hindu Mahasabha and Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh. Veer Savarkar was arrested on 5th February 1948 and sent to Mumbai jail. They were accused of involvement in murder conspiracy. However, Nathuram Godse blamed himself for the entire plan of the murder. On January 17, 1948, before hanging Nathuram Godse met Savarkar for the last time. Veer Savarkar was released in the absence of evidence.

Now, after being released from jail, he was again in his Hindutva campaign. Many of his followers had become. Savarkar’s wife Yamuna died on November 8, 1963. From 1 February, 1966, Veer Savarkar discarded the food and started his self-sacrifice, and before his death, he wrote an article titled “Suicide not committed suicide.” Therefore, now they do not have the strength to serve the society. It is better to end your life than to wait for death.


Death of Veer Savarkar:


Veer Savarkar died on February 26, 1966. In his last visit a crowd of people gathered. He had a son Vishwas and a daughter Prabha Chiplunkar. His son died in childhood only. The things related to him as well as his family are still preserved in the museum. On the life of Veer Savarkar in 1996, there was a Malayalam film, in which Veer Savarkar played the character Anu Kapoor. In 2001, he had a biopic in which Shailendra Gaur played as Savarkar.


Important things related to Savarkar’s life:


  1. Savarkar was the only freedom fighter in the world who received two times of life sentences.
  2. Savarkar was the first Indian politician who had originally burnt Holi of foreign textiles.
  3. Veer Savarkar had suggested the introduction of Dharma Chakra in the middle of the flag of the National Flag, which was given by President Dr. Rajendra Prasad earlier.

 

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