Napoleon Bonaparte: Biography of Napoleon Bonaparte!

Napoleon Bonaparte (born 15 August, 1769; death-May 5, 1821) was a French military officer and political leader.Napoleon Bonaparte was born on 15 August 1769 in the city of Ajaccio in France.

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Napoleon Bonaparte: Short Description about Napoleon Bonaparte!

Country                                        French
Full Name of Napoleon Bonaparte Napoleon Bonaparte
Nick Name of Napoleon Bonaparte The little corporal, Napoleon I
Born of Napoleon Bonaparte 15 August 1769
Death of Napoleon Bonaparte 5 May 1821
Born Place of Napoleon Bonaparte Ajaccio, Corsica, France
Death Place of Napoleon Bonaparte Longwood, Saint Helena, United Kingdom
Father of Napoleon Bonaparte Carlo Buonaparte
Mother of Napoleon Bonaparte Letizia Ramolino
Brothers of Napoleon Bonaparte 4 (Joseph-Napoléon Bonaparte, Louis Napoléon Bonaparte, Jérôme-Napoléon Bonaparte, Lucien Bonaparte)
Sisters of Napoleon Bonaparte 3 (Maria Annunziata Carolina Murat, Pauline Bonaparte, Elisa Bonaparte)
Married                                          Yes
Wife of Napoleon Bonaparte 2 wife’s (Josephine de Beauharnais (m.1796; div. 1810))

Marie Louise of Austria (m.1810)

Son of Napoleon Bonaparte 4 (Napoleon II, Eugène de Beauharnais, Jules Barthélemy-Saint-Hilaire, Charles Léon)
Daughter of Napoleon Bonaparte 2 (Hélène Napoleone Bonaparte, Émilie Pellapra)

Detailed Description about Napoleon Bonaparte:

Introduction:Napoleon Bonaparte

Napoleon Bonaparte (born 15 August, 1769; death-May 5, 1821) was a French military officer and political leader. He was prominently shadowed during the post-French stages. He has been the owner of entire Western and Central Europe for nearly a decade. Napoleon had changed the map of Europe with his successful campaigns, diplomatic tactics, treaties and marital relations. He converted the shabby army of France into a modern and powerful army.

Earlier Life and Education:

Napoleon Bonaparte was born on 15 August 1769 in the city of Ajaccio in France. This city is on Corsica Island. France won the Corsica Island with Genoa a year before Napoleon was born. Napoleon’s parents were not very wealthy. They were not from the feudal family, though they used to claim it a lot. Napoleon had four brothers and three sisters. When France’s army attacked Corsica, he stood in front of the French with the local people. Although he later accepted the subordination of France. At the age of nine, Napoleon went to France to study. They used to feel themselves outer. Unaware of French customs, Napoleon’s early education took place in Otun.

After that he lived in Brien for five years. He spent the last year of studies at the Military Academy of Paris. Napoleon received a degree in graduation in September 1785. He was at number 45 in the 58 people’s class. When Napoleon was in Paris, his father died. The family was suffering from the financial constraints.

The age of Napoleon was only 16 years old. He was not even the eldest boy in the family. Then he took up the responsibility of the family. In the French army, Napoleon got the rank of second lieutenant in the artillery regiment. He used to read well. Military tactics and fight related books

Democratic Revolution in France:

While living in France, he missed Corsica very much. In his book Letters Sur la course, In his book Letter Sur La Course, Napoleon had conceived the idea of independent Corsica, which was free from the occupation of France. He returned to Corsica the year 1786, and he did not go back to the army job for the next two years.

There was a democratic revolution in France in 1789. The people attacked the Basal jail and set the prisoners free. A new era had started in France. The new parliament of France allowed Corsican leader Pascal Paoli to return. Napoleon also once again returned to Corsica.

Welcome of Napoleon in Corsica:

In the beginning, Napoleon was welcomed in Corsica. But when his younger brother Lucien began to oppose Paoli as a British agent, the people of Corsica were against the Bonaparte family. Napoleon and his family moved into France after this. Napoleon did not take much time to show allegiance to France.

Troops protesting the government of France had handed over the Toulouse Towns to the British. The Toulouse located in southern France was a large military base in the Mediterranean. It was necessary for France to win the tools again. If France was not occupied with it, then there was a great smear on the revolution in France.

Napoleon Brigadier General at the age of 24:

Napoleon was given the responsibility of winning the tools. Finally, the British army had to retreat. After this victory, Napoleon was made Brigadier General at just 24 years of age. The events of Napoleon’s successes became famous in the war; the army commissioner wrote a letter praising Napoleon.

At that time the power of France was in the possession of Maximilian Robespier. The country was helpless to their oppression. Thousands of people had given up on the guillotine or the crucifixion. In the beginning of 1794, an artillery was built in the Alps mountain area. With With Robspier’s strength reduced, Napoleon’s brilliant career was brake.

Rebellion against the government:

But this was only for some time. When the devotees of the royal family rebelled against the democratic government, the responsibility of protecting the government came on Napoleon. On October 5, 1795, supporters of the royal family surrounded the National Convention of Paris.

Napoleon, with a handful of soldiers, faced the army of about twenty thousand people. He bravely forced the opponents to retreat. Napoleon saved the new republic, also opened the way to its way. Napoleon married a woman named Josephine in March 1796.

Napoleon and Josephine:

Josephine’s husband had been robbed by Robespier. He was the mistress of Paul Barra, who was the strongest man in France in any period. Josephine was several years older than Napoleon. Napoleon loved them a lot. But this marriage for Josephine was just an opportunist. After leaving Paul, He simply stood the hand of Napoleon for support. Two days after the wedding Napoleon was off for Italy. He was made the commander of the army in Italy. When he inspected, the army found it in a very weak condition. Despite this, he won many wars.

Napoleon’s fame:

In the end, he became the uncrowned king of northern Italy. Now he had come to rule. They started to understand how to take to work from the people. How to make the Constitution and within a year Napoleon’s fame began to touch new heights. The good days of Napoleon passed in Italy. At that time only Britain was against France.

In 1798, Napoleon attacked Egypt. They wanted to force Britain to kneel in the way of stopping the road between India and Britain. He also wanted to expand the French empire in the Eastern world. But this dream of Napoleon did not come true.

Strong force Needed:

The British commander named Horacio Nelson surrounded 35,000 soldiers of Napoleon. They could not able to go back home too. Britain and Russia had an alliance against France. In France, the new leader of the government, Emmanuel Sis, realised that there was a need for a powerful army to power.

Emmanuel felt the need of a military commander who stayed in Paris to protect the government. Nice chance Napoleon left his troops in Egypt and reached France. By the time the Napoleon arrived in Paris, by then French forces won in Switzerland and Holland.

Napoleon in Power:

But Emmanuel and Napoleon overturned the government’s regime at that time and took power in their hands. Now Napoleon was the leader of Europe’s most powerful country. After reaching the peak of power, Napoleon was fame all over Europe, on one side he was pushing the flanks of success in the battlefield.

So, on the other hand, he started such a kind of administrative reform that remains a far-right example. By 1802, Napoleon had restored peace in Europe. Austria had been beaten on the Italian front. At the same time, Germany and Britain saw the strength of France, they understood the good in compromising.

Napoleon Emperor of France:

Napoleon laid the foundations of France after revolution He gave people the right to personal freedom. Giving people the right to believe in religion of their choice. Napoleon has laid the foundation of the principle of equal rights to all in front of the law. During this time, he also prepared the most powerful army in France.

Due to these successes, Napoleon was given the title of Consul, a senior official of life for life. But, peace in Europe could not last long. France’s inner drag and Because of the war from other countries, the situation became such that Napoleon had to take over the post of King of France.

Napoleon’s biggest battle:

Anti-government of France two men conspired to Napoleon’s murder. When it was exposed, Napoleon felt that there would not be peace in France until the monarchy was there. Then in 1804 he declared himself a king in the presence of the Pope.

Napoleon Bonaparte1

Napoleon won the greatest battle of his life in 1805, one year after France became king. This war happened in Austerlitz in today’s Czech Republic. The forces of Austria and Russia were against Napoleon. Napoleon killed 26,000 soldiers of the enemy by trapping the trap.  Against this, only 9 thousand soldiers of Napoleon were killed. By defeating Austria, Napoleon once again got his coin on Europe. He had become the greatest military commander of his era. At the same time, he dashed the army of the Russian empire.

Napoleon’s hopes of the attack on Britain after the Battle of Trafalgar were breaking down. Because of this, the hope of a peace agreement with Britain is also expected. Napoleon once again tried to weaken Britain’s economy. They tried to ban all types of businesses with Britain. Every kind of trade was discontinued from the UK. Every UK ship has been given full exemption to rob Napoleon hoped that the British would agree to the agreement on coming under pressure. But Portugal refused to accept Napoleon’s offer of not trading from Britain.

Napoleon captured Spain and Portugal. Both countries rebelled against Napoleon. Britain sent a military contingent led by Arthur Wellesley to help Portugal and Spain. This gave Britain the opportunity to regain the footsteps in the European continent.

Napoleon Second Marriage:

Despite the failure in Spain and Portugal, Napoleon’s strength did not come down. His empire had spread to a large part of Holland, Italy and Germany. Napoleon was now in need of his heir. He divorced Josephine in 1810. After this, he married Mary Louis, daughter of King Francis I of Austria.

Napoleon soon had a son. His son’s name was also named after him. Napoleon had also taken the title of King of Rome. In 1812, in order to succeed Britain’s economic blockade, France imposed six million troops on the Russian border. His motive was to persuade Russia for the economic blockade of Britain.

Napoleon Failure in Russia:

Napoleon had to leave the throne. They were imprisoned on an island named Elba. Louis-16th was seated on the French throne Napoleon’s attention was also on the condition of France in prison. In 1815, he escaped from prison and reached Paris. After reaching Paris, Napoleon made rapid changes in the constitution.

Many opponents came with napoleon. By March of 1815, several European countries had formed a front against Napoleon. In June Napoleon attacked Belgium But on 18th June the Duke of Wellington defeated them in Battle of Waterloo. After that he could never get away from prison.

Death of Napoleon:

Various things are said about Napoleon Bonaparte’s death most historians believe that his death was due to stomach cancer. After losing in ‘Battle of Waterloo’, Napoleon was exiled to Saint Helena Island in 1821, where he died at the age of 52, but in 2001 French experts tested Napoleon’s hair. That was poison called ‘Arsenic’ in it.

It is believed that possibly the British governor of Saint Helena had conspired to assassinate Napoleon in collaboration with Count of Francs. But American scientists have completely different interpretations, they said that the treatment that Napoleon had suffered from the disease had killed him. Napoleon was given regular poisonous salt called ‘potassium tartrate’. By which he could vomit and the anima was used. This led to the loss of potassium in Napoleon’s body, which is fatal for the heart. Napoleon was given 600 mg of mercury chloride for his intestines and died two days later.

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